Basics of Learning the Russian Language

Learning Russian can be a challenging task, and many obstacles will have to be crossed to accomplish it.  However if you are motivated you should have no problem at all.  Learning Russian will take a lot of time and practice, but with the proper tools and mindset anyone can conquer the language.  The basic steps for learning Russian will be outlined as follows: the alphabet, basic grammar, vocabulary, and practice!


If you are just starting to learn Russian, and your native language is English, you should probably start with the alphabet.  Although it may seem like a lot at first, there actually isn’t much to learn if you categorize the letters.  Some of the letters in the Russian alphabet have similar sound and look to English letters, others have same sound but different look, and a few have completely new sound to English speakers and new looks.



If you separate the letters into these categories it should not be hard to memorize them.  A good method to do this is to have a white-board with the letters and corresponding sounds around.  While doing everyday activities you can memorize the Russian alphabet using this method.  Although it may take some time, once you learn the alphabet, you should be able to sound out Russian words!


Next, is learning basic grammar with some vocabulary.  Within Russian there is a lot of vocabulary to learn, and it’s tough for many native English speakers.  Although you don’t have to learn all of the grammar, it is a good idea to get the basic structure of it down.  This would include learning how plurals are treated within Russian and the different cases.  The cases change the endings of the nouns and some adjectives, and you need to learn these.


While learning the grammar you will also learn some basic words and will be able to understand short conversations.  When learning any language it is senseless to dive deep into the grammar without knowing much vocabulary, and the same goes for Russian.  However as previously stated it is essential to learn the basic structure.  After you learn this it’s a good idea to start really getting into the vocabulary.


Learning the vocabulary of any language can be especially tough, and everyone prefers different methods of doing so.  How you learn and memorize the vocabulary is up to you.  There are many tools online which can expand your vocabulary and aid in your search for words.  One of these methods (which is best after you learn at least enough for basic conversation) is speaking with native speakers. 


Native speakers offer insight into the language that they have already mastered, and you are just starting.  They can teach you words that you don’t know, and also can teach you some slang.  A great website that offers the chance to speak with native speakers of Russian is  By actively speaking with native speakers you are practicing the language.  Continuous practice is essential to the success of learning Russian.


If you are just beginning to learn to Russian language using the steps outlined will provide a decent tool to start.  The alphabet being a good place to start allows you to sound out Russian words.  Proceeding onto the basic grammar sections will allow you to understand plurals and cases.  Vocabulary is where you will find the most options of learning and you can practice with native speakers!


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